Resource Library

Public health emergencies, including infectious disease outbreaks and natural disasters, are issues that every community faces. To address these threats, it is critical for all jurisdictions to understand how law can be used to enhance public health preparedness, as well as improve collaboration and coordination across jurisdictions. This Resource Library is designed to provide relevant resources to Tribal Nations seeking to enhance their legal preparedness capacity. While most resources have a Tribal focus, some resources are included that are generally applicable to legal preparedness for public health emergencies and natural disasters.

Sample Plans, Codes, Compacts, Regulations, and Agreements

Adoption of the Controlled Substance Utilization and Dispensing Limitation Policy (Resolution No. 19-024)

This resolution, passed by the Council of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes, requires providers to give alternative pain management options to those with chronic pain, and offers guidance to pharmacy staff, providers, and recipients of opioids on proper use and quantity limits. The Governing Body of The Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of The Flathead Nation Resolution (adopted November 1, 2018) 

Bay Mills Indian Community Chapter VI Criminal Code

This code establishes how the Bay Mills Indian Community will handle opioid use, and makes it unlawful for anyone to misuse a controlled substance. Bay Mills Indian Community Justice Center 

Dispensing of Naloxone- General Order

This general order allows for the dispensing of Naloxone by the Fort McDowell Police Department First Responders in emergency situations involving suspected opioid overdoses. This order was in accordance with a Memorandum of Understanding between the police department and Wassaja Memorial Health Center. Fort McDowell Police Department (effective December 2016) 

Eastern Band of Cherokee Nations Code

Municipal Code Corporation

Exclusion and Removal Code Confederated Tribes of The Umatilla Indian Reservation

This code provides the process by which, and conditions under which, civil exclusion and removal orders may be issued by the court. This code applies to both Indians and non-Indians alike. Confederated Tribes of The Umatilla Indian Reservation (June 3, 2019) 

Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation Code

Municipal Code Corporation

Indian Health Service All Hazard Emergency Operations Plan

Indian Health Service All Hazard Emergency Operations Plan provides general policy, guidance, and requirements for the development of emergency operation plans by Division of Indian Health field facilities in local or national disasters. 

Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe - Hazard Mitigation Plan

(January 10, 2011)

Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe - Public Health and Safety Code

(June 6, 2012)

Little River Band of Ottawa Indians Tribal Council Resolution Declaring an Emergency Due to Opioid Epidemic

This resolution declares an emergency within the Little River Band of Ottawa Indians due to the opioid epidemic. Little River Band of Ottawa Indians Tribal Council (April 25, 2018) 

Mohegan Tribe Code

Municipal Code Corporation

Native American Constitution and Law Digitization Project

Native American Constitution and Law Digitization Project is a cooperative effort among the University of  Oklahoma Law Center, the National Indian Law Library, and Native American Tribes providing access to the Tribal Constitutions, Tribal Codes, and other Tribal legal documents.

Olympic Regional Tribal-Public Health Collaboration and Mutual Aid Agreement

Olympic Regional Tribal-Public Health Collaboration and Mutual Aid Agreement is made and entered into by the signatory Health Department or signatory Health District, or signatory County within the State of Washington that operates a public health department or division within its county government, (“Party HD”), and the signatory Tribal Government(s) (“Party TG”), individually with all other signatory Party HDs and Party TGs legally joining the Agreement.

Oneida Nation BC Resolution # 05-10-17-C Tribal Action Plan

This resolution authorizes the establishment of a Tribal Coordinating Committee within the Oneida Nation and the development and implementation of a Tribal action plan for a comprehensive prevention and treatment program for alcoholism and other substance abuse. Oneida Nation  

Oneida Nation Tribal Action Plan

This action plan outlines the Oneida Nation’s plan to combat the community declared priorities of alcoholism and substance abuse. The vision of this action plan is to provide a holistic approach to inspire hope, belonging, meaning and purpose for all in their community. The Oneida Nation utilized a community readiness assessment and SAMHSA technical assistance. Oneida Nation 

Opioid Dispensing Policy

This policy paper highlights the dispensing limitations of opioids within the Salish and Kootenai Tribes. Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes (November 1, 2018) 

Opioid Overdose Recognition and Naloxone Administration Policy and Procedures

This policy aims to reduce the risk of fatal opioid overdoses in the Paiute Indian Tribe. The policy provides guidelines for staff and community members to respond to a suspected opioid overdose. Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah Health Department  

Region 2/4 Northeast Health District and Cherokee Nation Memorandum of Understanding for Medical Countermeasures Deployment

This Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) was established between Region 2/4 Northeast Health District and Cherokee Nation for the purpose of responding effectively to any disaster or catastrophic public health emergency within the Region. Through this MOU, the Cherokee Nation has become the regional warehouse for the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS). Under the MOU, the Cherokee Nations is responsible for the security, transportation, delivery, and distribution of SNS assets in the Northeast Oklahoma region.

The Poarch Band of Creek Indians Code

Municipal Code Corporation

Title 43: Good Samaritan and Limited Liability Law

This Tribal statute describes the Mashantucket Pequot Tribe’s Good Samaritan and limited liability laws regarding naloxone and other opioid antagonists, which allows licensed healthcare professionals and others acting in good faith to administer an opioid antagonist without fear of liability. Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Court 

Tribal Court Clearinghouse Tribal Laws/Codes

This website provides links to Tribal codes that are provided by the Tribes themselves or through the Native American Constitution and Law Digitization Project and the National Indian Law Library; downloadable Tribal Law and Policy Institute codes resources are also available.

Tribal Law Exchange

This website is a searchable collection of legal materials related to American Indian Tribal justice systems. The library contains Tribal case law, constitutions, and codes, and charters, as well as federal and state statues and case law affecting individual Indians and Tribal governments.

What is the Lois Luella Jones Law???

This flyer describes the Tulalip Tribe’s Lois Luella Jones Law that offers limited immunity to individuals who call and corporate with medical staff when a drug overdose has occurred. Tulalip News 



The contents of this website have not been formally disseminated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, ChangeLab Solutions, and the Center for Public Health Practice. The contents should not be construed to represent any agency/organization determination or policy. These website materials are for instructional use only and are not intended as a substitute for professional legal or other advice. While every effort has been made to verify the accuracy of these materials, legal authorities and requirements may vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction and change over time. Always seek the advice of an attorney or other qualified professional with any questions you may have regarding a legal matter.